Classification by materials used
According to the materials used for the main parts of the box (side wall, end wall, top, etc.), the container is called the container made of what materials. According to the classification of materials used, the container can be divided into three types:
(1) Aluminum alloy container has the advantages of light weight, beautiful appearance, corrosion resistance, good elasticity, convenient processing, low processing cost and repair cost, long service life, high cost and poor welding performance;
(2) The advantages of steel container are high strength, solid structure, high weldability, good water tightness and low price, but its disadvantages are heavy weight and poor corrosion resistance;
(3) FRP container has the advantages of high strength, good rigidity, large volume of contents, good heat insulation, corrosion resistance, chemical resistance, easy cleaning and easy repair; the disadvantages are high weight, easy aging, and low strength at the screw bolt.
Classification by purpose of use
1 general container
普通集裝箱，又稱干貨集裝箱（dry container）以裝運件雜貨為主，通常用來裝運文化用品、日用百貨、醫藥、紡織品、工藝品、化工制品、五金交電、電子機械、儀器及機器零件等。這種集裝箱占集裝箱總數的70 ~ 80%。除了冷凍貨、活的動物、植物之外，在尺寸、重量等方面適合集裝箱運輸的貨物，均可使用干貨集裝箱。
Ordinary containers, also known as dry containers, are mainly used to transport general cargo, usually used to transport cultural goods, daily necessities, medicine, textiles, handicrafts, chemical products, hardware and electrical, electronic machinery, instruments and machine parts, etc. This kind of container accounts for 70-80% of the total number of containers. In addition to frozen goods, live animals and plants, dry containers can be used for goods suitable for container transportation in terms of size and weight.
2 refrigerated container
冷凍集裝箱（reefer container）分外置和內置式兩種。溫度可在-60℃ ~ +30℃之間調整。內置式集裝箱在運輸過程中可隨意啟動冷凍機，使集裝箱保持指定溫度；而外置式則必須依靠集裝箱專用車、船和專用堆場、車站上配備的冷凍機來制冷。這種箱子適合在夏天運輸黃油、巧克力、冷凍魚肉、煉乳、人造奶油等物品。
There are two types of reefer container: external and internal. The temperature can be adjusted from - 60 ℃ to + 30 ℃. In the process of transportation, the built-in container can start the refrigerator at will to keep the specified temperature of the container, while the external type must rely on the refrigerator equipped on the container special vehicle, ship, special storage yard and station to cool. This box is suitable for transporting butter, chocolate, frozen fish, condensed milk, margarine and other items in summer.
3 open top container
開頂集裝箱,又稱敞頂集裝箱、開頂柜（open top container），這種集裝箱沒有箱頂，但有可折式頂梁支撐的帆布、塑料布或涂塑布制成的頂篷，可用起重機從箱頂上面裝卸貨物，開頂箱頂部可開啟或無固定項面的集裝箱，裝運時用防水布覆蓋頂部，其水密要求和干貨箱一樣。適合于裝載玻璃板、鋼制品、機械等重貨。
Open top container, Also known as open top container, this kind of container does not have a top, but has a top made of canvas, plastic cloth or plastic coated cloth supported by a folding top beam. It can be loaded and unloaded from the top of the container by a crane. For a container with a top that can be opened or has no fixed surface, the top is covered with waterproof cloth during shipment. Its water tightness requirement is the same as that of a dry container. Suitable for loading glass plate, steel products, machinery and other heavy goods.
4 frame container
框架集裝箱（flat rack container）沒有箱頂和兩側，其特點是從集裝箱側面進行裝卸。以超重貨物為主要運載對象，還便于裝載牲畜，以及諸如鋼材之類可以免除外包裝的裸裝貨。還可以便于大型超寬，超高貨物的吊裝。
The frame container has no top and two sides. It is characterized by loading and unloading from the side of the container. It is mainly used to transport overweight goods, and it is also convenient to load livestock, as well as naked goods such as steel which can be exempted from external packaging. It can also facilitate the hoisting of large and super wide and super high cargoes.
5 livestock container
Pen container is a kind of box with metal mesh on the side, which is well ventilated and easy to feed. It is a special container specially made for transporting cattle, horses and other moving objects.
6 tank container
Tank container is also called liquid container. It is a special container for the transportation of liquid goods such as food, medicine and chemicals. Its structure is to fix a liquid tank in a metal frame. The international standard tank is a stainless steel pressure vessel installed in the fastening external frame. Most of the tanks are made of 316 stainless steel. Most tanks are equipped with steam or electric heating device, inert gas protection device, pressure relief device and other optional equipment for fluid transportation and handling.